Ecojustice Blog – Nature Posted on June 8, 2016 (updated: March 29, 2017)

Lancaster Sound clears major hurdle on path to environmental protection

Ian MironLawyer
Scott McAnshLawyer
Seals in the Arctic
Photo by Vladimir Melnik

Establishing a marine conservation area in Lancaster Sound, Nunavut, would help protect one of the world’s richest marine mammal habitats from dangerous offshore drilling.

Sitting at the eastern entrance of the famed Northwest Passage, Lancaster Sound is home to narwhals, belugas, ringed and harp seals, and walruses. The area also boasts one of the highest densities of polar bears in the Canadian Arctic, and one third of Canada’s colonial seabirds rely on Lancaster Sound for feeding and breeding.

Despite this abundance of wildlife, these waters have long been threatened by the possibility of exploratory drilling for oil and gas.

That’s why we launched a lawsuit in April on behalf of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), asking the court to order the government to remove Shell Canada’s expired oil and gas permits in Lancaster Sound from a registry of active permits.

Today (June 8), we saw a positive development in the fight to protect this important habitat.

In honour of World Ocean’s Day, Shell has released the permits at issue in the lawsuit, via the Nature Conservancy of Canada, to the federal government.

And at the same time, the federal government has announced a five year plan to develop new National Parks and National Marine Conservation Areas, including the long-awaited Lancaster Sound National Marine Conservation Area.

Map provided by WWF Canada

Map provided by WWF Canada

Local Inuit communities have spent more than three decades calling for a designated marine protected area that would encompass Lancaster Sound. But until now, Ottawa had proposed protecting a much narrower area, which skirted around the expired oil and gas exploration permits and left key stretches of the region unprotected.

The release of these permits to the federal government marks an important step towards recognizing and preserving Lancaster Sound’s incredible biodiversity.

The government now has the opportunity to propose new boundaries for the Lancaster Sound National Marine Conservation Area that would align with the boundaries proposed by the Qikiqtani Inuit Association, which our client supports. The wider borders would acknowledge and better respect the traditional knowledge of the Inuit communities who have lived in the area since time immemorial.

A recent report found that Canada is falling behind when it comes to protecting our marine environments, with only 0.11 per cent of the country’s ocean territory fully protected. Meanwhile, in the United States and the United Kingdom, about 10 per cent of ocean territory is fully protected from extractive activities.

If Canada follows through and officially designates a new National Marine Conservation Area within the boundaries proposed by the Qikiqtani Inuit Association, it would bring us closer to these international standards.

It would also show our commitment to protecting Lancaster Sound’s unique arctic environment — and the wildlife and communities that call this place home.

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Related cases

Lancaster Sound is home to narwhals, belugas, bowhead whales, ringed seals, harp seals, walruses, and many other animals.

Protecting Lancaster Sound

April 12,2016

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